Various factors can affect your faucet’s water pressure. If your pressure is too low, there are many different, easy methods that you can perform to increase it.
Unclog Your Faucet’s Aerator
Low water pressure commonly stems from a clogged aerator. An aerator is the device that sits on the end of the faucet, and prevents the flow of water by mixing it with air. When the aerator becomes blocked with sediment, not only is the pressure lower, but the spray also becomes unpredictable. To unclog the aerator, you must first remove it. Using a pair of pliers, grip the aerator and turn. It is helpful to wrap a piece of cloth or a rag around the pliers so they are easier to hold on to, and there is no slippage.
If you are having difficulty removing the aerator with the pliers, you can soak it in vinegar. Put vinegar into a bag and tie it onto the faucet using rubber bands. By soaking it for a few hours, any debris or corrosion will be loosened, and the aerator will be easier to remove.
Once again, attempt to remove the aerator with pliers. After it is removed, check for clogs. Aerators have many very small holes to force water through. Over time, these holes will get blocked by sediment and mineral deposits. Rinse the aerator in water, and soak it in a dish of vinegar overnight.
After soaking the aerator in vinegar, wash it off and twist it back on to the faucet. Turn the water on to test the water pressure. It should be strong and smooth.
Check the Main Shut-Off Valve
The main water shut-off valve is generally located on one side of your water meter. Ensure that the valve is open (on) completely. Closed valves can lower your water pressure. If you have ball valves, they should face the direction of the pipe when they are fully open. If your meter has gate valves, twist them all the way counterclockwise to open them.
The size of the pipe that leads to your faucet can play a huge role in your water pressure. Your water pressure will be low if your pipe is too big. To increase the water pressure, remove a small section of the existing pipe that is closest to the faucet, and replace that with a round, small, diameter pipe. Assure that the pipe that you have exchanged is designed for the allotted water temperature. Cold water lines are generally white, and hot water lines are typically a yellow color. Plastic PVC pipes are also marked. If using a flexible hose, replace it with a smaller version.
Well Water & Faucets Water Pressure
Those that have water originating from the city water system usually have a stronger water pressure. Those with water from a well, with a holding tank and pump will have a lower pressure. The majority of water wells can be changed from 110 volts to 220 volts. Before making this switch, ensure that the pump is connected to a 220 volt wire. The greater power your pump has, the faster it works. This means increased water pressure.
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